About 11% of the land area of Iceland is covered by glaciers. Iceland has 269 named glaciers of almost all types: ice caps, outlet glaciers, mountain glaciers, alpine, piedmont and cirque glaciers, ice streams ...
By far the largest of Iceland's ice caps is Vatnajokull with an area of 8,300 sq. km, equal in size to all the glaciers on the European mainland put together - or 3 times the size of Luxembourg or Rhode Island. Iceland has a longer than 300-year history of observations by Icelanders on the country's glaciers.